Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic treatment that helps clients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. It is generally short-term and is geared on helping clients structurally tackle a very specific problem. During the course of treatment, people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing line of thoughts that have a negative influence on behavior, with different techniques.
Cognitive Behavioral therapy is the most effective evidence based psychotherapy. It is based on three fundamental propositions, that are:
1. Cognitive activity (thoughts) affects behavior.
2. Cognitive activity (thoughts) may be monitored and altered.
3. Desired behavior change may be effected through cognitive change (thoughts).
CBT is commonly used and is very effective to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addiction, depression and anxiety. Generally it is a short term psychotherapy, with an average of 8-10 session (more or less).