Previously we discussed the importance of the BioPsychoSocial Model, and how this should be incorporated when working with older adults who go through a lot of pain and numerous health changes. Research underscores its role in acknowledging not just biological factors. It also the impacts of psychology, social dynamics, behavior, and spirituality in old age.

Research on Spirituality In Old Age

Research has shown that spirituality is a major factor that the model acknowledges. It emphasises the connection between psychological impacts and the adaptation to the illness. In fact, many of the older persons in healthcare research outline that keeping God close to them is the only way they are able to cope with their intense pain

Spirituality for them helps them cope with both the physical and the psychological impacts of their chronic pain. Furthermore, older persons highly prioritise religiosity, consistently employing it as a strategy to adapt to pain. In fact, previous research administered psychosocial assessments to older persons residing in chronic care nursing homes. Results showed that sixty percent (60%) of older persons use religion and spirituality as coping mechanisms. Older adults often perceive spirituality as a comforting source. Enforcing their hope during strenuous and turbulent times. This sense of spirituality brings a feeling of belonging and a sense of connectedness with a higher power that can act as a safety net for their issues.

Hence, the Biopsychosocial model inherently recognises the significance of spirituality and religion It is the best model on which healthcare professionals should base their care and assessment. In fact, spirituality should be included as part and parcel of the positive ageing concepts and principles. 

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Yaser Teebi works as a Clinical Psychologist and Gerontologist at Willingness. He works with a variety of complex issues and adult age groups. Including chronic pain, mental health issues such as depression and anxiety, trauma, loss, grief and bereavement. As well as relationships and cognitive impairment. Yaser Teebi has graduated from the following degrees with Merit: Bachelor of Psychology (Hons), a Master of Gerontology and Geriatrics, and a Master of Psychology in Clinical Psychology, all at the University of Malta. He is currently reading for a PhD in Clinical Psychology and Geriatrics at the University of Birmingham.